〈有關打敗德國與盟國負起最高權力之聲明〉1945.06.05 ●雲程譯 st1\00003a*{}table.MsoNormalTable {font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman";}〈有關打敗德國與盟國負起最高權力之聲明〉1945.06.05 ●雲程譯 Declaration Regarding the Defeat of Germany and the Assumption of Supreme Authority by Allied Powers; June 5, 1945 有關打敗德國與美國政府、蘇聯政府、聯合王國政府和法國共和國臨時政府負起德國最高權力之聲明。 陸上、海上、空中之德國軍隊已經被完全擊敗並業已無條件投降,負有戰爭責任之德國已無法抵抗戰勝國的意志。德國之無條件投降因此生效,德國必須遵守加諸其身之各項要求。 德國已無足以承擔治安責任、國家行政與遵守戰勝國要求之中央政府或當局。 基於情勢所需,在不損害有關德國之後續決策下,德國武裝部隊停止進一步敵意的規定、維持德國治安與國家行政,並立即宣布德國所需遵守的要求。 美國、蘇聯、聯合王國與法蘭西共和國等最高指揮部之代表,以下簡稱盟國代表,依各國政府授與的權力與聯合國之利益,宣布以下聲明: 美國政府、蘇聯政府、聯合王國政府與法國臨時政府,負起有關德國最高權力之責任,包括德國政府與軍部、各州、地區與地方政府或當局的所有權力。為前述目的,前述當局與國家所負擔之責任並非兼併德國。 美國政府、蘇聯政府、聯合王國政府與法國臨時政府,將決定德國或相關方面之疆界,德國或現為德國一部份之任何區域之地位。 四國政府有關最高當局與權力,基於完全擊敗德國與其無條件投降,德國需遵守盟國代表宣布之以下要求: 第一條: 德國與德國所有陸海空當局與德國所控制之所有部隊,在所有戰場上應立即停止對於聯合國陸海空部隊之敵意。 第二條: (a) 所有德國或德國控制下之武裝部隊,無論何處,包括陸、海、空、防砲、禁衛隊(SS)、SA與蓋世太保,以及其餘配備武器之附屬組織,應完全解除武裝,繳交其武器與裝備給在地之盟軍指揮部或盟國代表所指派之官員。 (b) 前項所指所有部隊之成員,在有關盟國最高指揮官的指令下,為戰俘,等候進一步指示,並應遵守盟國代表之要求與指令。 (c) 第一項所指之所有部隊,無論何處,應立即就地等候盟國代表之指示。 (d) 1937年12月31日以前德國疆界以外所有領土上之前述部隊,應基於盟國代表之指示而撤回。 (e) 為維持治安,警察部隊在盟國代表指示下只能配備小武器。 第三條: (a) 在德國或德國佔領或控制下領土或領水之無論何種形式或國籍之飛行器,也無論隸屬陸軍、海軍或民間,只要不服務於盟國者,應停妥於地面、水面?禮服徆a港等候進一步指示。 (b) 所有德國或德國控制之飛機,在非德國所佔領或控制領土或領水者,應前往德國或盟國代表所指定之區域。 第四條: (a) 所有德國或德國控制之海軍水面或水下艦艇、海軍附屬船隻與商船和其餘船隻,無論在本聲明發佈時置身何處,以及所有在德國港口中任何國籍之其餘商船,應立即就地或前往盟國代表所指定之港口或基地。前述船員應在船上等候進一步指示。 (b) 所有聯合國之船隻,無論何種其所有權是否因戰利品軍事法庭(prize court)判決移轉或處於其餘法律程序中,凡在本聲明宣告時在德國處置下或德國控制下,應立即前往盟國代表所指定之港口或基地。 第五條: (a) 所有或任何以下條款所言為德國所有或在德國控制或德國處置中之武裝部隊,必須保持完好與維持良好狀態等待盟國代表指示: (i) 所有武器、彈藥、爆裂物、軍事裝備、儲存與補給和其他任何形式之戰爭物資與所有戰爭材料 (ii) 所有海軍各形式艦艇,包括水面與水下、輔助海軍船隻與所有商船,無論已下水、維修或整理中,已建造或建造中者 (iii) 所有形式之飛機、飛行與針對飛機之裝備設施 (iv) 所有陸海空運輸與交通設施和設備 (v) 所有軍事設施與通訊器材,包括飛行場、水上飛機基地、港口與海軍基地、倉庫、永久或臨時之陸上或海岸防禦工事、要塞與其餘防禦區域,包括此等工事、設施與建築之計劃與圖說 (vi) 所以工廠、商店、研究機構、實驗室、試驗站、科技資料、專利、計劃、圖面與發明、設計或即將生產或準備生產或前述(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)與(v)點之使用文章、材料,或對戰爭行為有助益者。 (b) 在盟國代表命令下,應提供以下項目: (i) 人力、服務與工廠以便維持或展開前述六項目,且 (ii) 盟國代表所需要之相關任何資訊或記錄 (c) 在盟國代表命令下,應提供所有設施給盟國軍隊與代理,俾便其設備與補給運輸之鐵路、道路與其他陸上、海上、河上或空中交通。 第六條: (a) 德國當局應基於盟國代表之規定,向其釋放德國當局下屬於聯合國部隊之所有戰俘,且應提供此等人員在德國獲得過控制領土之拘禁處所之完整名單。釋放此等戰俘時,德國當局與人民應保護其人身與財產,並應提供其是當之食物、衣物、遮蔽、醫療照顧和與其軍階或官階相當之薪給。 (b) 德國當局與人民應如此提供與釋放所有被拘禁或拘束之其他聯合國國民,以及所有其他因政治理由或被納粹命令或法律、規章之種族、膚色、主義或政治信仰所歧視而被拘禁或拘束者。 (c) 德國當局應在盟國代表命令下,交出盟國代表所指 酒店打工定之拘禁前述軍官處所之控制權。 第七條: 相關德國當局應提供盟國代表: (a) 有關第二條(a)所述之部隊完整資訊,尤其應提供盟國代表所需有關德國內外部隊之數額、位置與部署之所有資料。 (b) 有關地雷、地雷區與其他妨礙陸海空部隊前進之障礙,並應提供安全走廊之完整與詳細資料。所有安全走廊應淨空與清楚標示,所有地雷、地雷區與其他危險障礙物應盡可能恢復安全並恢復通行。無武裝之德國軍事人員與攜帶必要裝備之平民,應為前述目的擔任清除盟國代表所指定之地雷、地雷區與其餘障礙物作業。 第八條: 不得損毀、移置、隱藏、移轉或鑿沈或破壞任何陸海空、港口、工業與其餘財產與所有紀錄與檔案,無論其位於何處,除非盟國代表另有指示。 第九條: 盟國代表所控制之機構之所有通訊方式、所有廣播與無線通訊設施,與其他形式之無線通信,無論在岸上或海上,只要在德國控制下,除盟國代表所許可者外應停止傳輸。 第十條: 戰時與盟國作戰之任何國家之部隊、船艦、飛機、軍事裝備與其餘德國所有或德國所控制之財產,或德國處置下之服務,應歸屬本聲明以及其後所頒佈之佈告、命令、條例與指令之轄下。 第十一條: (a) 盟國代表人所指定之納粹主要領導者,與所有隨時由盟軍代表所宣布有戰爭罪或類似違反嫌疑之姓名、階級、辦公處所或聘僱人員者,應即向盟國代表投降或受其逮捕。 (b) 前述狀況適用於其宣稱違反其本國法,與其無論何時被盟國代表所指明或依據階級、辦公處所或聘僱指定之任何聯合國國民。 (c) 德國當局與人民應遵守盟國代表對其所頒佈之任何逮捕與投降指令。 第十二條: 盟國代表若認為必要得在德國的任何與所有部分駐軍與設置民政機關。 第十三條: (a) 美國政府、蘇聯政府、聯合王國政府與法國臨時政府為行使有關德國之最高權力,四盟國政府應採取其所認為對未來和平與安全所必須之步驟,包括對德國完全解除武裝與非軍事化。 (b) 因完全擊敗德國,盟國代表得加諸德國額外之政治、行政、經濟、財政、軍事與其他要求。盟國代表,得由其正式指派之人員或代理人代表之,並得頒佈佈告、命令、條例與指令以補充此額外要求與充實本聲明之其他條款。所有德國當局與德國人民應無條件執行盟國代表之要求,且應完全遵守此等佈告、命令、條例與指令。 第十四條: 本聲明在以下時間生效。基於德國當局失能或其人民盡快與完全遵行加諸其身之義務,盟國代表應採取任何其依情況判斷而視為適切之措施。 第十五條: 本聲明以英文、俄文、法文與德文書寫。英文、俄文與法文?訂做禮服絲C BERLIN, GERMANY, June 5, 1945. Signed at 1800 hours, Berlin time, by 1945年6月5日德國柏林,簽署於柏林時間18:00 艾森豪(美國陸軍將軍)Dwight D. Eisenhower, General of the Army USA; 朱可夫(蘇聯元帥)Zhukov, Marshal of the Soviet Union; 蒙哥馬利(大不列顛陸軍元帥)B. L. Montgomery, Field Marshal, Great Britain; 戴拉特(法國臨時政府陸軍將軍)De Lattre de Tassisny, General d'Armee, French Provisional Government. Declaration Regarding the Defeat of Germany and the Assumption of Supreme Authority by Allied Powers; June 5, 1945 Declaration regarding the defeat of Germany and the assumption of supreme authority with respect to Germany by the Governments of the United States of America, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the United Kingdom and the Provisional Government of the French Republic. The German armed forces on land, at sea and in the air have been completely defeated and have surrendered unconditionally and Germany , which bears responsibility for the war, is no longer capable of resisting the will of the victorious Powers. The unconditional surrender of Germany has thereby been effected, and Germany has become subject to such requirements as may now or hereafter be imposed upon her. There is no central Government or authority in Germany capable of accepting responsibility for the maintenance of order, the administration of the country and compliance with the requirements of the victorious Powers. It is in these circumstances necessary, without prejudice to any subsequent decisions that may be taken respecting Germany, to make provision for the cessation of any further hostilities on the part of the German armed forces, for the maintenance of order in Germany and for the administration of the country, and to announce the immediate requirements with which Germany must comply. The Representatives of the Supreme Commands of the United States of America, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the United Kingdom and the French Republic, hereinafter called the "Allied Representative 訂做禮服 s," acting by authority of their respective Governments and in the interests of the United Nations, accordingly make the following Declaration: The Governments of the United States of America, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and the United Kingdom, and the Provisional Government of the French Republic, hereby assume supreme authority with respect to Germany, including all the powers possessed by the German Government, the High Command and any state, municipal, or local government or authority. The assumption, for the purposes stated above, of the said authority and powers does not affect the annexation of Germany . The Governments of the United States of America, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and the United Kingdom, and the Provisional Government of the French Republic, will hereafter determine the boundaries of Germany or any part thereof and the status of Germany or of any area at present being part of German territory. In virtue of the supreme authority and powers thus assumed by the four Governments, the Allied Representatives announce the following requirements arising from the complete defeat and unconditional surrender of Germany with which Germany must comply: ARTICLE 1 Germany, and all German military, naval and air authorities and all forces under German control shall immediately cease hostilities in all theatres of war against the forces of the United Nations on land, at sea and in the air. ARTICLE 2 (a) All armed forces of Germany or under German control, wherever they may be situated, including land, air, anti-aircraft and naval forces, the S.S., S.A. and Gestapo, and all other forces of auxiliary organisations equipped with weapons, shall be completely disarmed, handing over their weapons and equipment to local Allied Commanders or to officers designated by the Allied Representatives (b) The personnel of the formations and units of all the forces referred to in paragraph (a) above shall, at the discretion of the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of the Allied State concerned, 建築設計be declared to be prisoners of war, pending further decisions, and shall be subject to such conditions and directions as may be prescribed by the respective Allied Representatives. (c) All forces referred to in paragraph (a) above, wherever they may be, will remain in their present positions pending instructions from the Allied Representatives. (d) Evacuation by the said forces of all territories outside the frontiers of Germany as they existed on the 31st December, 1937, will proceed according to instructions to be given by the Allied Representatives. (e) Detachments of civil police to be armed with small arms only, for the maintenance of order and for guard duties, will be designated by the Allied Representatives. ARTICLE 3 (a) All aircraft of any kind or nationality in Germany or German-occupied or controlled territories or waters, military, naval or civil, other than aircraft in the service of the Allies, will remain on the ground, on the water or aboard ships pending further instructions. (b) All German or German-controlled aircraft in or over territories or waters not occupied or controlled by Germany will proceed to Germany or to such other place or places as may be specified by the Allied Representatives. ARTICLE 4 (a) All German or German-controlled naval vessels, surface and submarine, auxiliary naval craft, and merchant and other shipping, wherever such vessels may be at the time of this Declaration, and all other merchant ships of whatever nationality in German ports, will remain in or proceed immediately to ports and bases as specified by the Allied Representatives. The crews of such vessels will remain on board pending further instructions. (b) All ships and vessels of the United Nations, whether or not title has been transferred as the result of prize court or other proceedings, which are at the disposal of Germany or under German control at the time of this Declaration, will proceed at the dates and to the ports or bases specified by the Allied Representatives. ARTICLE 5 (a) All or any of the following articles in the 酒店打工possession of the German armed forces or under German control or at German disposal will be held intact and in good condition at the disposal of the Allied Representatives, for such purposes and at such times and places as they may prescribe: (i) all arms, ammunition, explosives, military equipment, stores and supplies and other implements of war of all kinds and all other war materials; (ii) all naval vessels of all classes, both surface and submarine, auxiliary naval craft and all merchant shipping, whether afloat, under repair or construction, built or building; (iii) all aircraft of all kinds, aviation and anti-aircraft equipment and devices; (iv) all transportation and communications facilities and equipment, by land, water or air; (v) all military installations and establishments, including airfields, seaplane bases, ports and naval bases, storage depots, permanent and temporary land and coast fortifications, fortresses and other fortified areas, together with plans and drawings of all such fortifications, installations and establishments; (vi) all factories, plants, shops, research institutions, laboratories, testing stations, technical data, patents, plans, drawings and inventions, designed or intended to produce or to facilitate the production or use of the articles, materials, and facilities referred to in sub-paragraphs (i), (ii), (iii), (iv) and (v) above or otherwise to further the conduct of war. (b) At the demand of the Allied Representatives the following will be furnished: (i) the labour, services and plant required for the maintenance or operation of any of the six categories mentioned in paragraph (a) above; and (ii) any information or records that may be required by the Allied Representatives in connection with the same. (c) At the demand of the Allied Representatives all facilities will be provided for the movement of Allied troops and agencies, their equipment and supplies, on the railways, roads and other land communications or by sea, river or air. All means of transportation will be maintained in good order and repair, and the labo 西裝外套ur, services and plant necessary therefor will be furnished. ARTICLE 6 (a) The German authorities will release to the Allied Representatives, in accordance with the procedure to be laid down by them, all prisoners of war at present in their power, belonging to the forces of the United Nations, and will furnish full lists of these persons, indicating the places of their detention in Germany or territory occupied by Germany. Pending the release of such prisoners of war, the German authorities and people will protect them in their persons and property and provide them with adequate food, clothing, shelter, medical attention and money in accordance with their rank or official position. (b) The German authorities and people will in like manner provide for and release all other nationals of the United Nations who are confined, interned or otherwise under restraint, and all other persons who may be confined, interned or otherwise under restraint for political reasons or as a result of any Nazi action, law or regulation which discriminates on the ground of race, colour, creed or political belief. (c) The German authorities will, at the demand of the Allied Representatives, hand over control of places of detention to such officers as may be designated for the purpose by the Allied Representatives. ARTICLE 7 The German authorities concerned will furnish to the Allied Representatives: (a) full information regarding the forces referred to in Article 2 (a), and, in particular, will furnish forthwith all information which the Allied Representatives may require concerning the numbers, locations and dispositions of such forces, whether located inside or outside Germany; (b) complete and detailed information concerning mines, minefields and other obstacles to movement by land, sea or air, and the safety lanes in connection therewith. All such safety lanes will be kept open and clearly marked; all mines, minefields and other dangerous obstacles will as far as possible be rendered safe, and all aids to navigation will be reinstated. Unarmed German military and civilian personnel with the necessary 裝潢 equipment will be made available and utilized for the above purposes and for the removal of mines, minefields and other obstacles as directed by the Allied Representatives. ARTICLE 8 There shall be no destruction, removal, concealment, transfer or scuttling of, or damage to, any military, naval, air, shipping, port, industrial and other like property and facilities and all records and archives, wherever they may be situated, except as may be directed by the Allied Representatives. ARTICLE 9 Pending the institution of control by the Allied Representatives over all means of communication, all radio and telecommunication installations and other forms of wire or wireless communications, whether ashore or afloat, under German control, will cease transmission except as directed by the Allied Representatives. ARTICLE 10 The forces, ships, aircraft, military equipment, and other property in Germany or in German control or service or at German disposal, of any other country at war with any of the Allies, will be subject to the provisions of this Declaration and of any proclamations, orders, ordinances or instructions issued thereunder. ARTICLE 11 (a) The principal Nazi leaders as specified by the Allied Representatives, and all persons from time to time named or designated by rank, office or employment by the Allied Representatives as being suspected of having committed, ordered or abetted war crimes or analogous offences, will be apprehended and surrendered to the Allied Representatives. (b) The same will apply in the case of any national of any of the United Nations who is alleged to have committed an offence against his national law, and who may at any time be named or designated by rank, office or employment by the Allied Representatives. (c) The German authorities and people will comply with any instructions given by the Allied Representatives for the apprehension and surrender of such persons. ARTICLE 12 The Allied Representatives will station forces and civil agencies in any or all parts of Germany as they may determine. ARTICLE 13 (a) In the exercise of the supreme authority with respect t 代償o Germany assumed by the Governments of the United States of America, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and the United Kingdom, and the Provisional Government of the French Republic, the four Allied Governments will take such steps, including the complete disarmament and demilitarization of Germany, as they deem requisite for future peace and security. (b) The Allied Representatives will impose on Germany additional political, administrative, economic, financial, military and other requirements arising from the complete defeat of Germany . The Allied Representatives, or persons or agencies duly designated to act on their authority, will issue proclamations, orders, ordinances and instructions for the purpose of laying down such additional requirements, and of giving effect to the other provisions of this Declaration. All German authorities and the German people shall carry out unconditionally the requirements of the Allied Representatives, and shall fully comply with all such proclamations, orders, ordinances and instructions. ARTICLE 14 This Declaration enters into force and effect at the date and hour set forth below. In the event of failure on the part of the German authorities or people promptly and completely to fulfill their obligations hereby or hereafter imposed, the Allied Representatives will take whatever action may be deemed by them to be appropriate under the circumstances. ARTICLE 15 This Declaration is drawn up in the English, Russian, French and German languages. The English, Russian and French are the only authentic texts. BERLIN, GERMANY, June 5, 1945. Signed at 1800 hours, Berlin time, by 1945年6月5日德國柏林,簽署於柏林時間18:00 艾森豪(美國陸軍將軍)Dwight D. Eisenhower, General of the Army USA; 朱可夫(蘇聯元帥)Zhukov, Marshal of the Soviet Union; 蒙哥馬利(大不列顛陸軍元帥)B. L. Montgomery, Field Marshal, Great Britain; 戴拉特(法國臨時政府陸軍將軍)De Lattre de Tassisny, General d'Armee, French Provisional Government. http://avalon.law.yale.edu/wwii/ger01.asp .msgcontent .wsharing ul li { text-indent: 0; } 分享 Facebook Plurk YAHOO! 租屋網  .
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